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Literature Related to Indians in "Main Street"

The Squaw Sachem Sells Her Land to John Winthrop
The Squaw Sachem Sells Her Land to John Winthrop (courtesy of the Town of Winchester, MA)
Fiction Related to Indians in "Main Street"
  • Excerpts from "Main-Street" that refer to Indians

  • Complete story "Main-Street" (from The Snow Image 1852)
Non-fiction Related to Indians in "Main Street"
  • Ellen Knight's Web site article from a series on the history of Winchester, Massachusetts that recounts the story of Squaw Sachem. This article is based on a series of articles written for The Daily Times Chronicle Winchester Edition, published in December 1999. (courtesy of Ellen Knight)

  • In his Journal of 1837, at 33, Hawthorne wrote:
    Our Indian races having reared no monuments, like the Greeks, Romans, and Egyptians, when they have disappeared from the earth their history will appear a fable, and they misty phantoms. (from The Heart of Hawthorne's Journals, edited by Newton Arvin) (courtesy of Houghton Mifflin Co.)

  • William Wood's description of Salem (Naumkeag), c. 1629 from his famous account, New England's Prospect, 1634 (courtesy of University of Massachusetts Press) Wood probably lived at Naumkeag between 1629 and 1630 before the arrival of the Winthrop fleet greatly expanded the colony's population and prompted the founding of other settlements around Massachusetts Bay.

  • Excerpt on Indians from New England's Prospect by William Wood (courtesy of University of Massachusetts Press) In this excerpt Wood describes New England Indians, c. 1629-30.

  • John Winthrop's Arrival at Salem.

  • "Fall and Winter, 1716-17," the Great Snowstorm Story.

  • Text of John Greenleaf Whittier (1807-1892) From Legends of New England (1831) "The Indian's Tale"

  • Text of John Greenleaf Whittier (1807-1892) From Legends of New England (1831) "Metacom"

  • Text of "Lovewell's Fight," Anonymous Captain John Lovewell (some spell it Lovell) was a well-known Indian fighter and the leader of a company of men who attacked Indian villages along the New England frontier. Lovewell was killed and most of his men shot down during an ambush while raiding the Piggwackett Indians on May 8th, 1725. Lovewell's defeat became the subject of narratives, sermons, and a popular ballad. "Lovewell's Fight" was written shortly after the Battle of May 8th. Capt. Lovewell lived at Dunstable, now part of Nashua, New Hampshire, and it was here that Hannah Duston, Mary Neff, and Samuel Lenorson spent their first night after escaping from Contoocook Island on March 30, 1697. Hawthorne, in 1832, used Lovewell's Fight in his story "Roger Malvin's Burial." The characters, Reuben Bourne and Roger Malvin, are both wounded in the famous fight. Malvin dies from his wounds and remains unburied by the younger Bourne, who is left haunted and guilt-ridden.

  • Text of Thoreau’s Reflections on the Indians and White Settlement From A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers, "Sunday" section, 1849

  • This selection from The American Magazine of Useful and Entertaining Knowledge seems to be a source and a forestudy for the idea underlying Hawthorne's "Main Street" (1849).

  • In this selection from The American Magazine of Useful and Entertaining Knowledge, Hawthorne write about the superstition of the martyr's path.

  • In this excerpt from James R. Mellow's Nathaniel Hawthorne in His Times, Hawthorne, while on a trip along the Erie Canal, reveals his awareness of the effects of expansion and progress on the Indians and the landscape.

  • “Such Was the Tumultation These Women Made”: The Women of Marblehead Wreak Revenge Upon Indian Captors, 1677 by Robert Roules of Marblehead.

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